Baptism of Jesus.
Jesus’ public ministry begins when he is in, John the Baptist baptized him in the Jordan. While the evangelist Matthew dates this event only formally with the words “in those days,” Luke deliberately places it in the grand context of the world’s history, which allows us to establish a reasonably precise date. In truth, a kind of dating is also offered by Matthew by putting Jesus’ own words in the introduction of his gospel
genealogy. This is established as the genealogy of Abraham and David, while Jesus is presented in it as the heir of Abraham’s promise and at the same time the heir of God’s of the securities to David, to whom God – despite all Israel’s sins and all of God’s punishments – promised
eternal kingdom. According to this genealogy, history is divided into three times fourteen generations – fourteen being the numerical value
David’s name: the period from Abraham to David, from David to the Babylonian exile, followed by one more period of fourteen generations. Also, in this period, the fact that there are fourteen more generations shows that the hour of the definitive David has come, the restoration of the Davidic kingdom in terms of the provision of God’s domain. Since the addressees of Matthew’s Gospel were Christians of Judaism, this genealogy is compiled by Jewish salvation history and world history to consider indirectly, since the kingdom of the definitive David’s kingdom as the kingdom of God, of course, concerns the world as a whole. The specific dating thus remains vague since even the calculation of generations is not compiled according to the historical structure but according to the three phases of the promise, and it is not intended to provide precise time coordinates. Let us note at once that Luke does not place Jesus’ genealogy at the beginning of the Gospel but connects it to the baptism narrative as its conclusion. He tells us that Jesus was about thirty years old at that time; that is, he had reached an age that would qualify him for public ministry. In contrast to Matthew, Luke proceeds in his genealogy from Jesus towards earlier history. Abraham and David are here appeared without particular emphasis. The genealogy goes back as far as Adam, even back to creation, for Adam Luke adds: who was from God. This establishes Jesus’ Jesus’ universal mission: he is the son of Adam – the son of man. Because of his humanity, we all belong to him, and he belongs to us; in him, society begins anew and comes to its fulfillment.
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